Hi. I'm not the secdir reviewer assigned to this draft, but felt that
this draft needed additional security review, so I decided to perform a
Overall, I think this is a much-needed specification and believe it is
mostly ready for publication as an experimental RFC. I'd say a bit more
clarity would be required if we wanted to move this to the standards
Thanks for the review!
1) I'm reasonably sure that RADSEC MUST NOT be used with TLS versions
prior to 1.1. The concern I have is that RADSEC has long-lived TLS
connections under which an attacker could potentially observe ciphertext
generated from some plaintext before sending additional plaintext. TLS
1.1 includes explicit IVs that prevent various attacks that may happen
against earlier versions of TLS.
There are implementation work arounds that can also prevent these
attacks. However since all RADSEC implementations are required to
support TLS 1.1, I'd prefer to add a requirement that RADSEC
implementations MUST NOT negotiate TLS versions prior to 1.1 in order to
avoid this issue.
That's a very useful comment, thanks! TLS 1.1 was marked as
minimum-required to prevent these attacks (IIRC). But of course it might
happen that even though both sides *support* TLS 1.1, they don't
actually negotiate it.
I've added corresponding text in my working copy, which will become -12
* Support for TLS v1.1 [RFC4346] or later (e.g. TLS 1.2
[RFC5246] ]) is REQUIRED. To prevent known attacks on TLS
versions prior to 1.1, implementations MUST NOT negotiate TLS
versions prior to 1.1.
2) Section 2.3 implies that you need to do cert validation all the time,
even when you have a certificate fingerprint. I think it could more
clearly indicate that multiple ways of figuring out if you have the
right public key are provided. It's also not clear to me from section
2.3 whether there is a mandatory-to-implement strategy. You SHOULD
support cert fingerprints. You MUST support cert path validation, but is
there a required name form to support? There are discussions of several
name forms but none seem mandatory. I see no discussion of RFC 6125,
which I would have expected to see here. However, most of this is OK
for an experimental spec. This is the big area where I'd expect to see
more clarity before this could move to the standards track.
Agreed that there's a bit of an option bloat in the cert validation
sections, and that there should be more guidance for standards track if
the spec gets there.
There's one thing I'd like to fix for the current document though. It
was not really my intention to enforce e.g. 5280 checks when
fingerprint-based operation is in place. My role-model existing
deployment of fingerprint-based validation is SAML2 metadata. There, an
entity can get identified by its fingerprint alone; regardless of other
properties of the certificate (e.g. it doesn't matter whether the
certificate is expired, or what CA it comes from - so lang as the
configured fingerprint matches the incoming cert's fingerprint, it's fine).
In the SAML world, that mode of operation seems to be popular; I
wouldn't want to preclude that same model of operation here.
I'll reformulate that section to make clearer that PKIX-style cert
validation is one thing, and that manually configured fingerprints is
another (and TLS-PSK is yet another thing, of course). How about this:
3. Peer authentication can be performed in any of the following
three operation models:
* TLS with X.509 certificates using PKIX trust models (this
model is mandatory to implement):
+ Implementations MUST allow to configure a list of trusted
Certification Authorities for incoming connections.
+ Certificate validation MUST include the verification rules
as per [RFC5280].
+ Implementations SHOULD indicate their trusted Certification
Authorities as per section 7.4.4 (server side) and x.y.z
["Trusted CA Indication"] (client side) of [RFC5246] (see
+ Peer validation always includes a check on whether the
locally configured expected DNS name or IP address of the
server that is contacted matches its presented certificate.
DNS names and IP addresses can be contained in the Common
Name (CN) or subjectAltName entries. For verification,
only one of these entries is to be considered. The
following precedence applies: for DNS name validation,
subjectAltName:DNS has precedence over CN; for IP address
validation, subjectAltName:iPAddr has precedence over CN.
+ Implementations SHOULD allow to configure a set of
acceptable values for subjectAltName:URI.
* TLS with X.509 certificates using certificate fingerprints
(this model is optional to implement): Implementations SHOULD
allow to configure a list of trusted certificates, identified
via certificate fingerprint. Implementations MUST support
SHA-1 as the hash algorithm.
* TLS using TLS-PSK (this model is optional to implement)
(note that some changed to this text might occur due to pending
DISCUSSes and COMMENTs in the IESG review).
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